Type 1 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes affecting children and adolescents in Australia. The condition occurs when the body stops producing insulin. Insulin is produced in the pancreas and allows sugar to pass into the cells of the body to produce energy. Type 2 diabetes: rarely occurs during childhood and adolescence. Type 2 diabetes is caused by the body being resistant to insulin. Type 2 diabetes is treated with diet, weight loss and oral medications in the majority of cases. This fact sheet will focus on type 1 diabetes, as this is the most common form that affects children.

Type 1 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes affecting children and adolescents in Australia. The condition occurs when the body stops producing insulin. Insulin is produced in the pancreas and allows sugar to pass into the cells of the body to produce energy.